• university graduates = people who graduate from university = people graduating from
university = people with a university qualification: những người tốt nghiệp đại học

• academic qualifications = degrees: bằng cấp học thuật

• university education = tertiary education = third-level education: giáo dục đại học

• concentrate on … = focus on …: tập trung vào …

• get higher grades = achieve better academic results: có được kết quả cao hơn

• core subjects = important subjects = main subjects: các môn học nòng cốt

• online courses = distance learning programmes = internet-based learning: các khóa học online/ việc học từ xa

• go to college or university = continue (their) studies: tiếp tục con đường học vấn bậc đại học

• have access to more and better job opportunities = have more opportunities to get a
well-paid job: có cơ hội việc làm tốt hơn

• study abroad = study overseas = study in a foreign country: đi du học

• learn problem-solving skills = learn how to deal with difficult situations more
effectively: học được kỹ năng giải quyết vấn đề

• creativity = creative thinking: sự sáng tạo

• take part in = participate in: tham gia vào …

• curriculum = learning programmes: chương trình học

• many subjects = a wide range of subjects: nhiều môn học

• to be better prepared for their future career = facilitate their future career preparation: chuẩn bị tốt hơn cho sự nghiệp tương lai

• learn important skills = develop essential skills: học được những kỹ năng quan trọng

• should have the right to … = should be allowed to … = should have the freedom to …:
nên có quyền làm gì

• feel bored and stressed = suffer from boredom and stress: cảm thấy chán nản và căng
thẳng

• tuition fees = education costs: học phí

• to be free = to be free of charge = to be provided for free: miễn phí

• spend a larger amount of time on …. = devote more time to …: dành nhiều thời gian
hơn vào …

• subjects related to science = science-based subjects: những môn học liên quan đến khoa học

• students entering university = undergraduates: những sinh viên đại học

• take a year off between school and university = take a gap year before entering
tertiary education = spend a year working or travelling before going to university: dành 1 năm để đi làm hay du lịch trước khi học đại học

EXAMPLE

VÍ DỤ 1:
Some people think that it is better to educate boys and girls in separate schools.
▪ Some people think –> It is thought that
▪ it is better to –> it is more beneficial to
▪ educate boys and girls in separate schools –> send boys and girls to single-sex schools
–> It is thought that it is more beneficial to send boys and girls to single-sex schools

VÍ DỤ 2:
Others, however, believe that boys and girls benefit more from attending mixed schools.
▪ Others, however, believe that –> Other people, however, argue that
▪ boys and girls benefit more –> they gain more benefits
▪ from attending mixed schools –> by entering mixed-gender schools.
–> Other people, however, argue that they gain more benefits by entering mixed-gender
schools.

VÍ DỤ 3:
Some people think that all university students should study whatever they like.
▪ Some people think that –> It is thought that// It is argued that// It is believed that
▪ all university students –> all students entering university// all students entering tertiary education// all students entering third-level education
▪ should study whatever they like –> should study whatever that they have an interest in// should choose the courses that they have a passion for
–> It is argued that all students entering university should choose the courses that they have an interest in.

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